strongly related to caste status. There has been tremendous resistance among non-Dalits to this protective discrimination for the Scheduled Castes, who constitute some 16 percent of the total population, and efforts have been made to provide similar advantages to the so-called Backward Classes (see Glossary who constitute an estimated. In any small village, there may be representatives of a few or even a score or more castes. One of the main tools used in the British attempt to understand the Indian population was the census. Throughout Europe there were more than thirty societies, about half of which met regularly, had good attendance and were financially solvent. Here is a prime example of the racial purity theories that had been developing throughout the 19th century. Indian schools are not as well organised as they are expected. By doing this, Beverley legitimates Britain's present position within Britain in the same way as the British justified their dominance over various ethnic groups within the British Isles. Distribution of other resources and access to political control follow the same pattern of caste-cum-class distinctions. It originates in the Portuguese word casta which means race, breed, race or lineage. The aim of the poor in the west is to improve their lot in the space of a single life time.
Finding power in numbers within India's democratic system, caste groups are pulling together closely allied subcastes in their quest for political influence. The conceptual framework within which Indian society was being understood was becoming British rather than Indian. At state level School Education has its own organisational set. The British would then take this information, received through the filter of the Brahmans, and interpret it based on their own experience and their own cultural concepts. With this politicization, caste moved closer to class in connotation. In many parts of India, land is largely held by dominant castes-high-ranking owners of property-that economically exploit low-ranking landless laborers and poor artisans, all the while degrading them with ritual emphases on their so-called god-given inferior status. In recent decades, Dalit anger has been expressed in writings, demonstrations, strikes, and the activities of such groups as the Dalit Panthers, a radical political party demanding revolutionary change.
Essay on caste system in english